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The Origin of the Silk Road and the Chinese Perspective – 丝绸之路的缘起与中国视角

 Author: Liu Yingsheng  Category: Central Asia, Chinese Scholarship, History, Journal, Nomadism  Publisher: Jianghai Journal, 2016, vol.2, 156-168  Language: Chinese  Link to Publisher

One of the important driving forces for the development and progress of civilization is foreign exchanges. The emergence of the Silk Road originated from human’s yearning for distant civilizations. Three of the ancient civilization centers outside China, namely the middle and lower reaches of the Nile River, the ancient civilization of the Mesopotamia and the Indus River, have been in constant contact due to their close geographical distance. But the East Asian continent, where Chinese civilization is located, faces the sea to the east, the desert to the west, the grassland to the north, and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to the southwest. Human and material resources are enormous. In this way, it discusses the necessity of foreign exchanges for ancient China, the possibility of developing long-distance foreign communication, the status of China in the world in history, and summarizes the contribution of the ancient Chinese people to the development of the Silk Road. On this basis, it extends to the Chinese factor contained in the rise of Europe in the 15th century and the lessons of Ming and Qing China in coping with the great changes in the world, and discusses the development prospects of the contemporary New Silk Road plan from the perspective of historical comparison.