The five Central Asian countries are located in the hinterland of the Eurasian continent. They are not only strategically important, but also have abundant oil and natural gas resources. They are also the core areas for the implementation and expansion of the Silk Road Economic Belt. Knowing there is not only helpful people-to-people bonds between the people of China and Central Asia, but also policies to facilititate communication, road connectivity, unimpeded trade and currency flow between countries. This book gives a detailed introduction to the national origin, population profile, family relationship, organizational structure, religious belief, folk literature, language, clothing, food, housing, transportation, literature, art and sports, traditional medicine, etc. of Central Asian countries.