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Sino-Russian-American Relations and International Order – 中俄美关系与国际秩序

 Author: Zhao Huasheng  Category: Central Asia, Chinese Scholarship, Geopolitics, International Relations, Journal, Russia  Publisher: Russian Eastern Europe and Central Asia Studies, 2020(3), 1-24  Publication Date: 2020  Language: Chinese

Sino-Russian-U.S. relations reflect the main content and basic contradictions of the construction of the international order, represent different ideas and propositions of the construction of a new international order, and determine the future direction of the international order to a large extent. For the decline of the liberal international order, China, Russia and the United States have their own roles. Contrary to popular belief, China is not the direct cause of the decline of the liberal international order. Russia’s role in the current international order is twofold: while maintaining it, it also has an impact. The root cause of the decline of the liberal international order is itself, on the one hand, the relative decline of the Western world as a whole and educed identification with its “universal values.” For the current international order, China, Russia and the United States have different understandings. The United States defines China and Russia as “revisionist countries” of the international order, while China and Russia consider themselves the defenders of the current international order, because the three countries have different understandings of the international order. In the case of the convergence of basic concepts and positions, China and Russia have different styles and characteristics on some specific theoretical and practical issues of international order construction. The formation of the future international order will be a long and tortuous process, and it is impossible for any country or a combination of countries to build a universal international order alone. Under the competitive structure formed by China, Russia and the United States, a unified international order is impossible, and there are three possible forms of the future international order: fragmentation, pluralism, and the “new East-West” system. The “New East-West” system may evolve into a framework with Sino-U.S. confrontation as the main framework. The COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 will have a huge impact on the international order and Sino-Russian-U.S. relations, but this is more likely to accelerate the original process rather than change the direction.