Research on Controllable Democratization in Central Asia 中亚可控民主化研究
With the development of globalization, democratic politics is becoming a value ideal and a state-governing strategy generally recognized by Central Asian countries. After the Cold War, a new “variant” of democratic politics, managed democracy, quietly emerged in Central Asia. This is not only due to the wave of democratization in the context of globalization, but also an objective requirement of the changes in the social system in Central Asia. As the theoretical basis for the transitional countries to explore the path of democratization, managed democracy is the result of the joint revision of Western elite democratic thinking and Southeast Asian authoritarianism. “Central Asia Managed Democracy Research” takes constitutional democracy as the core, and designs a vote distribution mechanism that controls the distribution of political parties and political forces through the validity of value judgments such as political systems, political structures, and political economy, and completes the transition from authoritarianism to democracy. Although the theory of managed democracy maintains the framework of Western democracy in form, in essence it plays a role by relying on the party in power, highlighting the institutional structure of a strong president and a weak parliament, and advocating the social responsibility of the government. The endogenous preference of the country’s rigid democratic structure implied by this theory has guiding significance for the democratization process of the five Central Asian countries.