Evaluation on the Research of Prehistoric Mobile Pastoralist Archaeology among the Eurasian Steppe 欧亚草原史前游牧考古研究述评——以史前生业模式为视角
Archaeological societies began to notice the mobile pastoralists can be traced back to the1970s. In the late 20th century, foreign scholars represented by the Soviet archaeologist Khazanov made certain achievements in the concept, classification, origin of nomadism and the judgment criteria, method for ancient sites of nomadism in the theory and practice of prehistoric nomadic archaeology. This article takes the Begash, the Tasba as well as the research on the prehistoric mobile pastoralist archaeology in the Talga River Basin, and the zooarchaeology in the Balkans as examples, to reassess and review the achievements by foreign scholars in this field. The review of Chinese archaeology on prehistoric pastoralists and mobile pastoralists focuses on three typical sites in the Tianshan area of Xinjiang, and Tibet respectively. The use of all means to actively carry out research and exploration of the dietary production model is the big trend of current prehistoric nomadic archaeology in the Eurasian steppe.